When collecting and selecting geographical data, make sure that you:
- Stick to the title of the task you have been given.
- Identify the relevant geographical questions.
- Collect and record data in ways that are appropriate for your project.
- Undertake your own research - even if you are doing your coursework through a teacher-led investigation. This will improve your results, and make the work more interesting!
For example, if you are doing a shopping survey - make sure you understand the geographical issues related to local population structure, economic activity, transport patterns and urban planning. If you can find case studies on the issues you are looking into, make sure you refer to these and link them to what you have found in your own research.
Use a range of graphs, tables and charts to represent your data. You don't have to put all your data in graphs, but you do need to show that you know how to present data in a variety of ways.
It's also a good idea to explain why you have chosen a particular statistical method to represent your data. If you use a scattergraph, for example - say why this kind of graph helps with understanding the information.
It is likely that you will have to write a report on a survey that you carry out. This will need to be a multi-page document including some or all of the sections described below:
- Title page - a page with the title of your report, your name and the date.
- Contents page - a list of the contents of your report together with the page number of each section.
- Introduction - a description of the purpose of your report. What you set out to find out, and how you carried out the research.
- Summary - a brief description of what you found out.
- Findings - details of what you found. This could be quantative data, such as 'on average, young people received £6.72 pocket money per week', data represented on graphs, or descriptive text eg 'in general girls received more money from their parents than boys, but boys were more likely to have part-time jobs.
- Recommendations - a bulleted list saying what action could be taken based on the findings of your report.
The SPB will tell you exactly what the purpose of the report is and exactly what audience you are writing for. You should use formal language and a serious layout.
Make sure you include page numbers on the footer of pages. Check the Bitesize DiDA section on Headers and Footers for instructions.
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